14. Hast du mir etwas mitgebracht?

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Hast du mir etwas mitgebracht? (2)

(later)

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Grammatik: Dativ (dative case)

In German, there’s another important case beside the accusative, the dative. It is used to indicated the indirect object of a phrase. To express this in English, you usually need a preposition:
Give it to me! vs. Gib es mir!

Certain verbs like helfen (to help) always require an indirect object, but a lot of verbs combine an indirect with a direct object:

Er hilft ihr.

Vielleicht schreibe ich dir einen Brief.

Hast du mir etwas mitgebracht?

The personal pronouns have the following forms:

NominativDativAkkusativ
ichmirmich
dudirdich
erihmihn
sieihrsie
esihmes
wirunsuns
ihreucheuch
sieihnensie

Nouns have the following dative forms:

Singular

 Definite articleIndefinite article
Masculinedem Filmeinem Studenten
Feminineder Fraueiner Uni
Neuterdem Hauseinem Buch

Plural

 Definite articleIndefinite article
Masculine/feminine/neuterden LeutenLeuten

That’s a lot of forms, but don’t get overwhelmed. Start off by just trying to recognize the dative forms. You’ll soon get a sense of how they should be used.

Certain prepositions require the dative case. The most common ones are aus, bei, mit, nach, seit, von and zu i.e. mit der Post, nach dir (after you), bei mir, von der Uni.

In and an can be followed by both the accusative or the dative, depending on whether you are talking about a location (dative) or a direction (accusative).

Ich bin in der Schule. vs. Ich gehe in die Schule.

An dem and in dem usually contract to form to am and im.

Number of Anki cards: 42 (1. text: 23, 2. text: 18, grammar: 1)

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